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We check to make sure that no comment is mistakenly marked as spam. This takes time and effort, so please be patient until your comment appears. Use these possibilities appropriately. They are meant to help you create and follow the discussions in a better way. They can assist in grasping the content value of a comment more quickly. Just write as you like and your paragraphs will be separated. The "Live Preview" appears automatically when you start typing below the text area and it will show you how your comment will look like before you send it.

Name: E-mail:. Just imagine how great Israel and Palestine would be if they cooperated and collaborated with each other in mutual respect, understanding, and dare I say it affection. Very inspiring thoughts, Anand. How about we start with one man one vote in the new state of Israel-Palestine, which would, of course, be a state of all its citizens? Run that by MK Lieberman and get back to us with his answer. Maybe, you are new here, but Anand lives in an alternate universe: a truly bizarre world where the relatively impotent and powerless Palestinians can be likened to the Jews.

Trying to reason with him and bringing him to realty, so far, has seemed futile. His assimilation into the globalist, multiracialist, multiculturalist mindset has been quite thorough. There is no bringing him back. There are several historians and writers now in jail for questioning the official history of the Jewish Holocaust. No laws against denying the massacre of the Ukrainians or Russians by the Bolsheviks. Or denying the Armenian massacre. Only one ethnic group has the power to legislate what the official truth will be and punish transgressions against it.

Yes a true disgrace since history is — by definition — an exercise in revisionism. Do you know what the official position of the state of Israel is on the issue of the Armenian genocide? Get this: their official position is that this is an issue which needs to be decided by historians and not politicians! This is a very American perspective, and one that appeals to me. Personally, I wish Israelis and Palestinians would agree to such an arrangement, but that seems unlikely short term. However, within Gaza and the West Bank, maybe the Palestinians can try to create a multiethnic diverse state.

They should encourage large numbers of foreigners including Israeli Jews to move to Palestine, buy property in Palestine, invest in Palestine, conduct business in Palestine, visit Palestine. This would greatly increase property prices in Palestine, tax revenue for the Palestinian authority, as well as improve the Palestinian economy. Over time, more and more Israelis workers, businesses, investors, entrepreneurs, scientists, thought leaders would want to move to Palestine to take advantage of greater opportunities. Palestine could become another Dubai, and its leverage and influence over Israel, America and the whole world would grow exponentially.

This is my hope anyway. The more prosperous and successful Palestine becomes, the more influence it will have and the more leverage they will have in final status negotiations with Israel. The Palestinians in Palestine are capable of succeeding in every way as much as Palestinian Israeli citizens are.

All the powers in the universe reside in all of us. Palestine has a tough road ahead of it. It is very poor. Government spending is several times government taxation. A majority of the operating budget of the Palestinian authority is funded via grants foreign aid from other countries. This forces the PA to be sensitive to the wishes of donor countries. The largest short term priority has to be accelerating economic growth, not negotiating a final settlement with Israel.

Violence serves no one. All violent resistance must end. Nonviolent resistance satya graha is more effective and will generate international support. Is empire a network of networks, with the American chapter of empire the networks with American concentration representing about one fifth of global income, power, influence, empire. I presume that many of you have friends in the lobbying business.

Israel is influential, but not nearly as influential as many believe. I know of Anand. Oh well. Spot on. At the start of the Iraq invasion, Europe seemed to be drifting away from the U. In retrospect, that was an illusion. Europe is the prime beneficiary of the empire. America is their bastion against the growing power of Russia, China, India and a number of mid level powers Iran, etc.

So long as the Empire is in total ascendence, Europe has the best of both worlds. But in times such as now, with America floundering in Afghanistan and Iraq, with financial meltdown looming, with Russia growing in wealth and China in power….

Palestinians

Duncan Hunter etc. Name one that is, in the same intensity — anti Israel. Percy from Illinois- gone. Fulbright — gone. Buchanan had to fight for years after his amen corner comment as a mere member of the press, and to this day, has a ceiling on any political ambitions or major media success because of it. Duncan Hunter is actually only a US representative. I mis-spoke but the remarks are true of the house too.

Ask Findley also from Illinois. There have been discussions about the US government selling F22 fighters to several countries. The US government formally supports an independent Palestinian states and publically condemns settlements. This is not the Israeli government position. Much of corporate America and Wall Street is owned by Chinese individuals and firms.

China is in many ways a proxy for global big business and their advocate. Where does China stop and America begin? Personally, I like globalization and China. China has been good for America, and good for the world. If china got into it with Taiwan, the US navy would get involved very soon.

Israel is not offered the latest because they have a habit of selling the technology to China or the best offer like they did with the awacs technology we gave to them a while back. Anti China pundits are everywhere now about the Jobs issue. The last person to really stand up to Israel was Ike in the Suez crisis. Others make noises and then back down. Direct confrontation with China is a top concern at DOD.

Never does anybody every consider using armed might against Israel. They can do anything. Lavon affair etc. They are immune from direct press criticism. Pollard was a bridge to far from them, but he is a hero in Israel and with a lot of American Jews. Nobody in the US knows much about what he did.

Who talks about this on TV news? China has no such power. Lew Dobbs attacks them every night. How can you not see the difference? Mell Gibson has to kneel in supplication and take substance abuse classes so he is not persona non grata in hollywood- no criticism of China could do that to somebody. And Percy and Fulbright- both senators, chairman of the powerful Senate foreign relations committee. What US senators lost their jobs because they refused to do something the China lobby insisted upon? Where is the analogy? Very true corresponds to what I hear , and not just to China.

Bill Clinton backed China on outsourcing. I am very offended by Pollard, as are a lot of other pro-Israeli Americans. Israel was hurt by Pollard. China is criticized in public by some congress people, but gets what it wants more. America has warned Taiwan not to declare independence.

A shrine has been erected there in his honor. Palestinians attending prayers at the Dome of the Rock in Jerusalem. Cave of the Patriarchs in Hebron. Tomb of Jethro in Hittin , Northern Israel. Muslims pray in Jerusalem, By David Roberts. According to the PCBS, there are an estimated 4,, Palestinians in the Palestinian territories as of [update] , of whom 2,, live in the West Bank and 1,, in the Gaza Strip.

Palestinian Arabic is a subgroup of the broader Levantine Arabic dialect.

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Prior to the 7th century Islamic Conquest and Arabization of the Levant, the primary languages spoken in Palestine, among the predominantly Christian and Jewish communities, were Aramaic , Greek , and Syriac. The Bedouin variety of Palestine spoken mainly in the southern region and along the Jordan valley use a [G] instead of [Q]. Barbara McKean Parmenter has noted that the Arabs of Palestine have been credited with the preservation of the original Semitic place names of many sites mentioned in the Bible, as was documented by the American geographer Edward Robinson in the 19th century.

The literacy rate of Palestine was There is a gender difference in the population aged above 15 with 5. Palestinian intellectuals, among them May Ziade and Khalil Beidas , were an integral part of the Arab intelligentsia. In the s the West Bank had a higher percentage of its adolescent population enrolled in high school education than did Lebanon.

In the 19th and early 20th century, there were some well known Palestinian families, which included the Khalidi family , the al-Husayni clan , the Nashashibi clan , the Tuqan clan , the Nusaybah clan , Qudwa family, Shawish clan , Shurrab family , Al-Zaghab family, Al-Khalil family , Ridwan dynasty , Al-Zeitawi family, Abu Ghosh clan , Barghouti clan , Doghmush clan , Douaihy family, Hilles clan , Jarrar clan , and the Jayyusi clan.

Since various conflicts with Zionists began, some of the communities have subsequently left Palestine. The role of women varies among Palestinians, with both progressive and ultra-conservative opinions existing. Other groups of Palestinians, such as the Negev Bedouins or Druze may no longer self-identify as Palestinian for political reasons. Ali Qleibo, a Palestinian anthropologist , has critiqued Muslim historiography for assigning the beginning of Palestinian cultural identity to the advent of Islam in the 7th century.

In describing the effect of such a historiography, he writes:. Pagan origins are disavowed.


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As such the peoples who populated Palestine throughout history have discursively rescinded their own history and religion as they adopted the religion, language, and culture of Islam. That the peasant culture of the large fellahin class showed features of cultures other than Islam was a conclusion arrived at by some Western scholars and explorers who mapped and surveyed Palestine during the latter half of the 19th century, [] and these ideas were to influence 20th century debates on Palestinian identity by local and international ethnographers.

The contributions of the 'nativist' ethnographies produced by Tawfiq Canaan and other Palestinian writers and published in The Journal of the Palestine Oriental Society —48 were driven by the concern that the "native culture of Palestine", and in particular peasant society, was being undermined by the forces of modernity.

Implicit in their scholarship and made explicit by Canaan himself was another theme, namely that the peasants of Palestine represent—through their folk norms Palestinian culture is closely related to those of the nearby Levantine countries such as Lebanon, Syria, and Jordan, and the Arab World. Cultural contributions to the fields of art , literature , music , costume and cuisine express the characteristics of the Palestinian experience and show signs of common origin despite the geographical separation between the Palestinian territories , Israel and the diaspora.

The opening event was launched in March Palestine's history of rule by many different empires is reflected in Palestinian cuisine, which has benefited from various cultural contributions and exchanges. Generally speaking, modern Syrian-Palestinian dishes have been influenced by the rule of three major Islamic groups: the Arabs, the Persian -influenced Arabs and the Turks.

Baghdad was historically located on Persian soil and henceforth, Persian culture was integrated into Arab culture during the 9th—11th centuries and spread throughout central areas of the empire. There are several foods native to Palestine that are well known in the Arab world, such as, kinafe Nabulsi , Nabulsi cheese cheese of Nablus , Ackawi cheese cheese of Acre and musakhan. Kinafe originated in Nablus, as well as the sweetened Nabulsi cheese used to fill it.

Mezze describes an assortment of dishes laid out on the table for a meal that takes place over several hours, a characteristic common to Mediterranean cultures. Some common mezze dishes are hummus , tabouleh , baba ghanoush , labaneh , and zate 'u zaatar , which is the pita bread dipping of olive oil and ground thyme and sesame seeds. Mahashi is an assortment of stuffed vegetables such as, zucchinis, potatoes, cabbage and in Gaza, chard.

A plate of hummus , garnished with paprika and olive oil and pine nuts. A Palestinian youth serving Falafel in Ramallah. Similar to the structure of Palestinian society, the Palestinian field of arts extends over four main geographic centers: the West Bank and Gaza Strip , Israel , the Palestinian diaspora in the Arab world , and the Palestinian diaspora in Europe , the United States and elsewhere. Palestinian cinematography, relatively young compared to Arab cinema overall, receives much European and Israeli support.

The Alhamra Cinema, Jaffa , , bombed December Villagers in Halhul at an open-air cinema screening c. A wide variety of handicrafts, many of which have been produced in the area of Palestine for hundreds of years, continue to be produced today. Palestinian handicrafts include embroidery and weaving, pottery -making, soap -making, glass-making , and olive -wood and Mother of Pearl carvings , among others. Foreign travelers to Palestine in late 19th and early 20th centuries often commented on the rich variety of costumes among the area's inhabitants, and particularly among the fellaheen or village women.

Until the s, a woman's economic status, whether married or single, and the town or area they were from could be deciphered by most Palestinian women by the type of cloth, colors, cut, and embroidery motifs, or lack thereof, used for the robe-like dress or "thoub" in Arabic.

New styles began to appear the s. For example, the "six-branched dress" named after the six wide bands of embroidery running down from the waist. Individual village styles were lost and replaced by an identifiable "Palestinian" style. It was a shorter and narrower fashion, with a western cut. Young woman of Ramallah wearing dowry headdress, c.

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Ramallah woman, c. Palestinian literature forms part of the wider genre of Arabic literature. Unlike its Arabic counterparts, Palestinian literature is defined by national affiliation rather than territorially. For example, Egyptian literature is that literature produced in Egypt. This too was the case for Palestinian literature up to the Arab-Israeli war , but following the Palestinian Exodus of it has become "a literature written by Palestinians" regardless of their residential status.

Contemporary Palestinian literature is often characterized by its heightened sense of irony and the exploration of existential themes and issues of identity. Since , most critics have theorized the existence of three "branches" of Palestinian literature, loosely divided by geographic location: 1 from inside Israel, 2 from the occupied territories , 3 from among the Palestinian diaspora throughout the Middle East.

Hannah Amit-Kochavi recognizes only two branches: that written by Palestinians from inside the State of Israel as distinct from that written outside ibid. Poetry, using classical pre-Islamic forms, remains an extremely popular art form, often attracting Palestinian audiences in the thousands. Until 20 years ago, local folk bards reciting traditional verses were a feature of every Palestinian town. The situation changed after Ghassan Kanafani , another Palestinian writer in exile in Lebanon, published an anthology of their work in Palestinian folklore is the body of expressive culture, including tales, music , dance , legends , oral history , proverbs , jokes, popular beliefs, customs , and comprising the traditions including oral traditions of Palestinian culture.

This group attempted to establish pre-Islamic and pre-Hebraic cultural roots for a re-constructed Palestinian national identity. The two putative roots in this patrimony are Canaanite and Jebusite. Traditional storytelling among Palestinians is prefaced with an invitation to the listeners to give blessings to God and the Prophet Mohammed or the Virgin Mary as the case may be, and includes the traditional opening: "There was, or there was not, in the oldness of time There are a cast of supernatural characters: djinns who can cross the Seven Seas in an instant, giants, and ghouls with eyes of ember and teeth of brass.

Stories invariably have a happy ending, and the storyteller will usually finish off with a rhyme like: "The bird has taken flight, God bless you tonight," or "Tutu, tutu, finished is my haduttu story. Palestinian music is well known throughout the Arab world. The distinguishing feature of ataaba is that the first three verses end with the same word meaning three different things, and the fourth verse serves as a conclusion.

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It is usually followed by a dalouna. Reem Kelani is one of the foremost researchers and performers in the present day of music with a specifically Palestinian narrative and heritage. Lyrics are often sung in Arabic , Hebrew , English, and sometimes French. Since then, the new Palestinian musical subgenre has grown to include artists in the Palestinian territories, Israel, Great Britain, the United States and Canada. Borrowing from traditional rap music that first emerged in New York in the s, "young Palestinian musicians have tailored the style to express their own grievances with the social and political climate in which they live and work.

Historically, music has served as an integral accompaniment to various social and religious rituals and ceremonies in Palestinian society Al-Taee Much of the Middle-Eastern and Arabic string instruments utilized in classical Palestinian music are sampled over Hip-hop beats in both Israeli and Palestinian hip-hop as part of a joint process of localization. Just as the percussiveness of the Hebrew language is emphasized in Israeli Hip-hop, Palestinian music has always revolved around the rhythmic specificity and smooth melodic tone of Arabic. This hip hop is joining a "longer tradition of revolutionary, underground, Arabic music and political songs that have supported Palestinian Resistance".

The Dabke , a Levantine Arab folk dance style whose local Palestinian versions were appropriated by Palestinian nationalism after , has, according to one scholar, possible roots that may go back to ancient Canaanite fertility rites. One version is performed by men, another by women. Palestinian women dancing traditionally, Bethlehem c. Although sport facilities did exist before the Nakba , many such facilities and institutions were subsequently shut down. Today there remains sport centers such as in Gaza and Ramallah, but the difficulty of mobility and travel restrictions means most Palestinian are not able to compete internationally to their full potential.

However, Palestinian sport authorities have indicated that Palestinians in the diaspora will be eligible to compete for Palestine once the diplomatic and security situation improves. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Ethnic group. For other uses, see Palestinian disambiguation. See also: Timeline of the name "Palestine".

See also: Demographic history of Palestine region. Main articles: History of the Palestinian people , History of Palestinian nationality , and Palestinian nationalism. See also: Palestinian nationalism. Main article: Mandatory Palestine. Main article: Arab-Israeli War. Area assigned for a Jewish state. Area assigned for an Arab state. Planned Corpus separatum with the intention that Jerusalem would be neither Jewish nor Arab. Israeli controlled territory from Egyptian and Jordanian controlled territory from until See also: Six-Day War. See also: Islamization of Gaza. Religion of Palestinians est.

Main article: Palestinian Arabic. Main articles: Palestinian women and Palestinian families. Main article: Culture of Palestine. Main article: Palestinian cuisine. Musakhan : The Palestinian National dish. Kanafeh : a Palestinian dessert. Main article: Palestinian art. Main article: Palestinian cinema. Main article: Palestinian handicrafts. Main article: Palestinian costumes. Main article: Palestinian literature. Main article: Palestinian hip hop.

Palestinian Dabke folk dance being performed by men. Main article: Sport in Palestine. Middle East Monitor. Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 28 December Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 25 May Retrieved 26 June Archived from the original on 22 July Retrieved 17 February Joshua Project. Archived from the original on 21 May Retrieved 22 April Al Monitor.

Archived from the original on 22 May Retrieved 23 May Archived from the original on 23 March Archived from the original on 20 July Retrieved 16 June Palestinians in the Netherlands — Palestine Link". Archived from the original PDF on 2 November Retrieved 21 May Archived from the original on 29 July United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees. Retrieved 22 December Samaritans: Past and present: Current studies. Berlin: De Gruyter. The Times of Israel. Retrieved 16 February Molecular Biology and Evolution.

International Journal of Intercultural Relations. International Journal of Interdisciplinary Social Science : — London, UK: Polity. Palestinians are the descendants of all the indigenous peoples who lived in Palestine over the centuries; since the seventh century, they have been predominantly Muslim in religion and almost completely Arab in language and culture.

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Although the Muslims guaranteed security and allowed religious freedom to all inhabitants of the region, the majority converted to Islam and adopted Arab culture. It was one of the mainstays of Umayyad power and was important in their struggle against both Iraq and the Arabian Peninsula Conversions arising from convenience as well as conviction then increased.

These conversions to Islam, together with a steady tribal inflow from the desert, changed the religious character of Palestine's inhabitants. The predominantly Christian population gradually became predominantly Muslim and Arabic-speaking. At the same time, during the early years of Muslim control of the city, a small permanent Jewish population returned to Jerusalem after a year absence. Retrieved 29 August The Arabs of Palestine began widely using the term Palestinian starting in the pre—World War I period to indicate the nationalist concept of a Palestinian people.

But after —and even more so after —for Palestinians themselves the term came to signify not only a place of origin but also, more importantly, a sense of a shared past and future in the form of a Palestinian state. Norton and Company. Moreover, after Jerusalem was destroyed in AD 70 the population by and large remained in situ, and did so again after Bar Kochba's revolt in AD When the vast majority of the population became Christian during the Byzantine period, no vast number were driven out, and similarly in the seventh century, when the vast majority became Muslim, few were driven from the land.

Palestine has been multi-cultural and multi ethnic from the beginning, as one can read between the lines even in the biblical narrative. Many Palestinian Jews became Christians, and in turn Muslims. Ironically, many of the forebears of Palestinian Arab refugees may well have been Jewish. It is applicable to the Bedouin and to a section of the urban and effendi classes; it is inappropriate as a description of the rural mass of the population, the fellaheen. The whole population spoke Arabic, usually corrupted by dialects bearing traces of words of other origin, but it was only the Bedouin who habitually thought of themselves as Arabs.

Western travelers from the sixteenth century onwards make the same distinction, and the word 'Arab' almost always refers to them exclusively Gradually it was realized that there remained a substantial stratum of the pre-Israelite peasantry, and that the oldest element among the peasants were not 'Arabs' in the sense of having entered the country with or after the conquerors of the seventh century, had been there already when the Arabs came. A History of the Peoples of Palestine, rev.

Penguin, pp. Ember; Ian A. Skoggard Retrieved 2 May Jerusalem Center for Public Affairs. Retrieved 6 February Retrieved 11 November Council on Foreign Relations. Andrea, James H. Law and identity in mandate Palestine. The University of North Carolina Press. Cambridge University Press. Palestinian nationalism emerged during the interwar period in response to Zionist immigration and settlement.

The fact that Palestinian nationalism developed later than Zionism and indeed in response to it does not in any way diminish the legitimacy of Palestinian nationalism or make it less valid than Zionism. All nationalisms arise in opposition to some "other". Why else would there be the need to specify who you are? As we have seen, Zionism itself arose in reaction to anti-Semitic and exclusionary nationalist movements in Europe. It would be perverse to judge Zionism as somehow less valid than European anti-Semitism or those nationalisms. Furthermore, Zionism itself was also defined by its opposition to the indigenous Palestinian inhabitants of the region.

Both the "conquest of land" and the "conquest of labor" slogans that became central to the dominant strain of Zionism in the Yishuv originated as a result of the Zionist confrontation with the Palestinian "other". Institute for Middle East Understanding. Archived from the original on 28 September Retrieved 27 July Retrieved 6 December This province contains the whole of Phoenicia and that part of Syria which is called Palestine, and Cyprus.

This is the fifth Satrapy. Perhaps the circumcised 'Syrians called Palestinians' are the Arabs and Egyptians of the Sinai coast; at the time of Herodotus there were few Jews in the coastal area. How, J. Wells eds. Quote: "First coined in by the French Egyptologist G. The use of quotation marks in association with the term "Sea Peoples" in our title is intended to draw attention to the problematic nature of this commonly used term.

It is noteworthy that the designation "of the sea" appears only in relation to the Sherden, Shekelesh, and Eqwesh. Subsequently, this term was applied somewhat indiscriminately to several additional ethnonyms, including the Philistines, who are portrayed in their earliest appearance as invaders from the north during the reigns of Merenptah and Ramesses Ill see, e. Hencefore the term Sea Peoples will appear without quotation marks.

Yet in the inscriptions themselves such a migration nowhere appears. Archived from the original on 16 January League of Nations. Archived from the original on 22 February Retrieved 29 May International Herald Tribune. Retrieved 8 January Archived from the original on 9 September Jerusalem Media and Communication Center. Archived from the original PDF on 8 July Retrieved 21 August CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list link The most recent draft of the Palestinian constitution would amend that definition such that, "Palestinian nationality shall be regulated by law, without prejudice to the rights of those who legally acquired it prior to May 10, or the rights of the Palestinians residing in Palestine prior to this date, and who were forced into exile or departed there from and denied return thereto.

This right passes on from fathers or mothers to their progenitor. It neither disappears nor elapses unless voluntarily relinquished. Lexington Books. This Week in Palestine. Retrieved 17 August Issue Jerusalem Quarterly. Archived from the original PDF on 24 April Retrieved 31 May Edward Wright, J. Dessel eds.


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  7. Dever , Eisenbrauns, , pp. Marxists Internet Archive. Retrieved 17 December New York: Mounton de Gruyter, Schmid eds. The answer may come from southern Palestine, where Aramaic ostraca have been accumulating at a rapid pace in the past five decades, attesting to a large Edomite and Arab population in southern Palestine in the 4th century BC. None of this is surprising. There is evidence for the Qedarite Arab kingdom extending its sway in to southern Palestine and Egypt in the Persian and Hellenistic eras.

    Tel Aviv. Arabic as Minority Language, Walter de Gruyter, pp. Dumbarton Oaks Papers. The Arabic Language. Edinburgh University. Attridge, Dale B. Martin eds. This was a common procedure used by the Arab conquerors and accepted by most of the cities in Palestine. Liberation and Theology in the Middle East, I.

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    Tauris p. Some trace their origins back to the Saladin 's armies, downplaying his Kurdish ancestry. Kingston Press. Al Riyadh. Archived from the original on 14 February Retrieved 18 June Kingdom of Jordan. Princeton University Press. Frank Cass and Co. Nations and Nationalism. New York: Grove Press, December Human Genetics. According to historical records part, or perhaps the majority, of the Muslim Arabs in this country descended from local inhabitants, mainly Christians and Jews, who had converted after the Islamic conquest in the seventh century AD Shaban ; Mc Graw Donner These local inhabitants, in turn, were descendants of the core population that had lived in the area for several centuries, some even since prehistorical times Gil Thus, our findings are in good agreement with the historical record The first millennium AD was marked by the immigration of Arab tribes, reaching its climax with the Moslem conquest from the Arabian Peninsula — AD.

    This was followed by a slow process of Islamization of the local population, both of Christians and Jews Shaban ; Mc Graw Donner Additional minor demographic changes might have been caused by subsequent invasions of the Seljuks, Crusaders, Mongols, Mamelukes and Ottoman Turks. Recent gene-flow from various geographic origins is reflected, for example, in the heterogeneous spectrum of globin mutations among Israeli Arabs Filon et al. Israeli and Palestinian Arabs share a similar linguistic and geographic background with Jews.

    On the other hand, the ancestors of the great majority of present-day Jews lived outside this region for almost two millennia. Thus, our findings are in good agreement with historical evidence and suggest genetic continuity in both populations despite their long separation and the wide geographic dispersal of Jews. Forensic Science International: Genetics. The American Journal of Human Genetics. July Annals of Human Genetics.

    Levy- Coffman Journal of Genetic Genealogy: 12— American Journal of Human Genetics. Bibcode : Natur. PLOS Genetics. Frontiers in Genetics. The Nation. Retrieved 9 March In , the International Court of Justice said that Israel had recognized the existence of a "Palestinian people" and referred a number of times to the Palestinian people and its "legitimate rights" in international agreements. Archived from the original PDF on 6 July Retrieved 6 July Judge Koroma explained "The Court has also held that the right of self-determination as an established and recognized right under international law applies to the territory and to the Palestinian people.

    Accordingly, the exercise of such right entitles the Palestinian people to a State of their own as originally envisaged in resolution II and subsequently confirmed. Archived from the original PDF on 4 June Retrieved 7 February Archived from the original PDF on 12 January Paul De Waart said that the Advisory Opinion of the International Court of Justice in "ascertained the present responsibility of the United Nations to protect Palestine's statehood.

    It affirmed the applicability of the prohibition of acquisition of Palestinian territory by Israel and confirmed the illegality of the Israeli settlements in the Occupied Palestinian Territory. Archived from the original on 30 December Ynet News. Retrieved 25 July International Law Reports: Cases —, H. Tauris, , p. Both Weldon Matthews and Prasenjit Duara interpret this aspect of the mandate system as tailored to the needs of imperial powers, which found it useful to avoid classifying colonies as nations: "This outlook was carried over to Palestine from India and Egypt where British administrators did not merely doubt the existence of a unifying national identity, but thwarted its development by creating sectarian institutions as a matter of policy.

    Archived from the original on 16 October Retrieved 1 August Avraham Sela. New York: Continuum, Al Jazeera. Archived from the original on 15 December Farmer et al. The PNC adopted the goal of establishing a national state in Khalidi writes: 'As with other national movements, extreme advocates of this view go further than this, and anachronistically read back into the history of Palestine over the past few centuries, and even millennia, a nationalist consciousness and identity that are in fact relatively modern. Archived from the original PDF on 8 August Retrieved 31 July Ministry of Foreign Affairs Israel.

    Archived from the original on 3 December Retrieved 30 November Middle East Forum. The League of Arab States. Archived from the original PDF on 13 October Retrieved 20 September Palestine and the Palestinians: a social and political history. Westview Press. Israel's occupation. University of California Press. In Amos Shapira; Mala Tabory eds. Kluwer Law International. The figure is based on an estimate for , extrapolating from a population 2. Archived from the original PDF on 23 July Begin-Sadat Center for Strategic Studies. Archived from the original PDF on 30 September Retrieved 21 June Middle East Journal.

    Archived from the original on 24 March Encyclopedia of Chicago.